Types of Endangered Trees Worldwide

When you think of something being endangered, you probably automatically think of animals. In the entire world, there are about 5,000 endangered species of animals, and despite the importance of protecting these endangered animals; there is also an importance in protecting endangered trees all over the world.

Candelabra tree in Southern Brazil

It’s botanically known as Araucaria angustifolia, or Parana pines. These trees are evergreen.

Found in the family of Araucariaceae, it is a relative to monkey puzzle which it split from after the continental drift of South America, Australia and Antarctica which you probably know of.

It has a long history but this exquisite tree will be soon extinct, sadly. And this is because of agriculture, logging as well as over consuming of its seeds and fruits. Do you know 97% of this species is already lost from the commencing of 20th century?  Thus it is enlisted by IUCN as a critically endangered species.

Quiver tree, South Africa

Quiver tree with a strange look is common in Namibia and South Africa and is a family to aloes. Aloe dichotoma is indigenously known as Choje to San community. You may be surprised that the tree got its name from how these people could carve out its branches to make arrow quivers.

Dichotoma Pillansii is wildly endangered with less than 200 only surviving. Though younger plants are getting coupled up be assured their future is bleak.

Should you want to see them, they are found in the spontaneous Quiver Tree Forest which was declared in 1995 as national monument in Keetmanshoop, Namibia.

Monkey puzzle tree, Chile & western Argentina

The peculiar evergreens in South America look like pines in fact; Chilean pine is a common name to them though Araucaria araucana isn’t truly pine. So your query right now is why this quirky name? This tree was first discovered by Sr. William Molesworth who got one for his garden and showed a novel specimen off to his allies. Charles an ally was astonished by the characteristic strange spiky branch and trunks saying that a monkey would be puzzled to climb it.

These gorgeous trees will have no comeback due to animal grazing, anthropogenic fires, seed collection, exotic species being established and logging with 60% remaining.

Grandidier’sbaobab, Madagascar 

Also known as Adansonia grandidier, baobab is a red signed endangered tree that is being wiped out from the earth’s surface. These monoliths which are bulbous and grand are threatened by environment transformation to agriculture mainly, making future propagation difficult.

Protected Area Networks (PANs) is where surviving baobab trees are currently residing in an aim of preserving Madagascar’s biodiversity. You will be more saddened by the fact that animals that could disperse the seeds like elephant birds are also getting bleak.

Dragon’s blood tree in Socotra, Yemen

In similarity to Madagascar and Galapagos Islands Yemeni archipelago, Socotra is a residing place to Earth’s strangest fauna as well as flora due to geographical isolation over many years. Hence, 37% of 825 flora species in Socotra have become endemic not forgetting that among them is dragon’s blood tree scientifically Dracaena cinnabari. This tree is characterized by its umbrella shape and has its ominous name from the reddish sap it produces

IUCN currently lists it as vulnerable because of the tourism development inflation. Nonetheless what is heart appeasing is that conservation efforts from international and locals are doing whatsoever to protect the fascinating trees.

What is Sustainable Forestry?

A sustainable forest is a forest that is carefully managed so that as trees are felled they are replaced with seedlings that eventually grow into mature trees. This is a carefully and skillfully managed system. Being a working place, it produces wood products like wood pulp. Thus great care should be undertaken in ensuring natural environment and wildlife safety.

Commonsense policy results to sustainable forests with sufficient trees replacing felled trees. If you are wondering how forest sustainability is done, here’s how:

  1. Establish Protected Areas & Conserve Biodiversity

The biodiversity of a forest is inclusive of animal population, plant species, soils and water resources which should be conserved. Which simply means forest managers are doing all they can to minimize soil erosion, dispose waste in a proper manner and protect wildlife species amongst many other conservation methods. UNESCO World Heritage Sites as well as some protected areas are beneficiaries of acquiring FSC/Rainforest Alliance Certified businesses in forestry as neighbors. Other Asian and African studies show that in comparison to noncertified enterprises, certified enterprises were doing pleasant jobs in the protection of apes as well as other mammals. So why not protect the forest biodiversity in any possible means?

  1. Protect and Prevent Forest Conversion and  High Conservation Value Forests

The FSC standard requires that forest managers protect natural forests against deforestation, reduce the risk of fires, and take particular care to protect “high conservation value forests.” A high conservation value forest simply describes forests which contain biodiversity of significant concentrations which are inclusive of endangered ecosystems. They are ecosystem services critical providers. In Petén region, Guatemala, researchers came to a conclusion that over a period of 20 years, forests that were FSC –certified and well managed faced deforestation in lower rates. Additionally, out of the entire certified land, it is only 0.1% that risked fire outbreaks. Interesting, right?

  1. Harvesting Accordingly and Possess Management Plans

Logging comes in various ways like selective harvesting and clear cutting in small scale. This causes landslides, fires amongst other disturbances that are found in fairly hot atmospheric forests. In order to be FSC-certified, operations in forestry should lay out a management plan which gives clear details of the amount of trees which will be harvested in every acre.  This all aims at regenerating the species as well as the maintenance of forests ecological health.

  1. Roles to be played by Tree Plantations

The sustainability of forestry is focused at having natural forests stand. However, it is only in severe cases that any tree plantation has FSC-certification application abilities resultant of forest conversion. Nonetheless plantation establishment on degraded or even deforested land improves ecosystem’s health as well as helping it meet its forest product demands which release natural forests pressure. In order to obtain FSC certification, all plantations have a responsibility in accord to management plans which promotes natural forests’ conservation, restoration and protection.

  1. Using Techniques that reduce the impact of logging

Do you know that logging is likened to a bulldozer trailing behind a landscape which is denuded? However it is just possible to have timber harvested without actually having to cause collateral damage in other forest parts. Techniques that reduce impacts permit loggers to extract trees as well as fell them in a way that other standing trees face reduced damage. Having to Use this approach will result in the minimization of carbon emission and waste and erosion. Now you know.

What Types of Materials are Made from Trees?

It is a known fact that most of the materials we use come from trees, ranging from wood material resources —that is used to make wooden cabins and furniture, coffee cup sleeves and printer paper. In the health docate, both physical and mental, there are a lot of medical resources that benefit the health docate. However trees are providers of crucial items that we require everyday in addition to the items that you might know of. The following items are ones that you wouldn’t even imagine are tree-originated that exemplifies further preservation values of our forests and trees.

  1. Wine Corks

Did you ever pause to wonder the origin of a cabernet’s or pinot grigio’s cork? Wine corks originate from cork oak tree that are mainly existential in Spain and Portugal. The trees’ bark is harvested once per 9 years to cause no harm to the cork since it always regrows.

So you might be wondering how it is done, well the bark planks are boiled in order to cleanse and soften them. After that they are cut to pieces that are workable then they are either punched out via a machine or hand. They are considered corks of high grade as the remaining plank is ground to form granules that will be function in agglomerate cork making.

  1. Acne Medication &Natural Aspirin

Willow bark another name to the natural aspirin is inclusive of aspirin’s precursor that functions just like a tablet. Aspirin early incarnations were made via boiling the white willow tree’s bark. Willow tree medicines as well as other plants that are rich in salicylate are found in pharmacology papyri in Egypt dating back from 2nd millennium BC.

Extracts of willow bark are also present in self acre products and cosmetics because of its properties that are soothing, anti-inflammatory and astringent. It has salicylic acid, (BHA) which is naturally exfoliant in the treatment of acne due to its capabilities of shedding dead cells while pores are being cleared.

  1. Sponges

Here is something interesting which I bet you did not know. Nowadays, sponges are from plants materials which are plant-based like wood pulp and cotton fiber. They are biodegradable as well as lessen environmental toxins that are resultant from manufacturing process in comparison to plastics.

  1. Chewing Gum

Ancient Greeks were always chewing mastic gum or even resin which is found in the mastic trees’ bark. The women of Gracie loved chewing gum because it was breath sweetening and teeth cleansing.

The gum which we currently chew is an evolution of gum that is chicle-based that was introduced in early 1960s in the USA.  Chicle is a derivation of sapodilla tree juice found in Central America rain forests.

  1. Carnauba Wax

Carnauba wax originates from leaves of Copernicia prunifera. This plant is grown only in northeastern Brazil parts. The wax itself is got by collecting, drying and beating the palm leaves.

According to many, carnauba wax, regularly, is used in waxes that are automobile- based though it normally makes food products, shoe polishes, furniture and floor waxes, dental floss as well as polishes. Since it is also hypoallergenic, it makes cosmetics for instance deodorant, lipstick and mascara and any other cosmetic that you can think of.

The above named products are just few of the items that trees provide thus it is crucial to take care of these trees.

Why Trees are Important for Wildlife

Isn’t it obvious that where there trees are existential, plants and wildlife follow behind? Trees are important in ecology because they are habitat and food provider to small animals and birds in general. In addition, they enhance growth diversity by creating an environment that permits plant growth which would be absent. Therefore board with me on this journey of exploring the preponderance of trees.

Habituation of wildlife 

The complex ecosystem today is made of animals and plant of which we all know. Every organism has its habitat and is in a coexisting unique relationship with its surrounding organism.

Take an example of beautiful giraffes who adapt browsing Acacia trees for food in African grasslands.

 

Wildlife feeds on native plants  

Animals are normally categorized as herbivores, carnivores and omnivores. You know that right? Omnivores and herbivores are dependent on native plants to get their feeds. As some animals can consume wide plant varieties as well as adapt to newer varieties, others do not have the capability to do so.

Needless to say carnivores feed on flesh of other animals and thus it would be only right to state that they would face the repercussions should native plants vanish out of sight. I only hope you have the full grip of it all.

 

Wildlife acquire medicines from plants  

You probably might know of herbal medicines used by human beings but it would really be interesting to satiate you with the knowledge of animals using plants for medicinal purposes.

Piper plant is used by Clever Monkeys in repelling insects while Tamarins consume large seeds in aim of curbing parasitic infections.

Even more fascinating is the milkweed plants which prevent laid eggs by Monarch butterflies from parasites.

 

Wildlife us them as a hide- out place 

Native plants act as a cover up for preys that are being hungrily thirsted for by their predators. On the other side too, trees are used by predators to camouflaging themselves as they stealthily sneak up to their prey which was unsuspecting.

 

Wildlife need trees for entire survival  

Some trees in specificity are required by wildlife to meet up with their habituation needs bear young ones and for every reason known to them lest they die. Just to give you an instance of the whole subject here is the Northern California’s Spotted Owl which can’t survive without virgin forest trees.

 

Trees form Ecosystems 

To define an ecosystem, the word tree has to be present which forms the primary livelihood for wildlife. Amongst many examples we have Northern California’s Redwood Forests and The Everglades’ endlessly flowing grasses in Southern Florida. It is in these places that every breathing creature dwells in. Not abandoning the fact that trees attract rain hence continuing water cycle and are always weather pre-determinants. It is this aqua attracted by the trees which every creature cannot live without. Consequently the moisture in the atmosphere is retained which is an added guarantee of future rain for wildlife promising them no unquenched thirst days ahead.